The gender gap in Peruvian undergraduate industrial engineering programs

Project: Research

Project Details

Description

In recent decades, the presence of women has increased in areas related to science and engineering. However, their participation is still incipient in many of these fields. Consequently, the objective of this study was to explain how a group of female engineering professors represent the experiences of their students in a context characterized by male dominance. The methodology was exploratory and descriptive, interviewing 24 Peruvian female professors. The findings identify that female students exhibit behaviors and participation that differ from those of males, associated with performance expectations, attribution of characteristics and differential treatment by teachers that tend to diminish them with respect to males. In addition, they tend to have greater family burdens, affecting their permanence in their studies. This, however, varies according to the university, with the situation of women in public universities being the most vulnerable. The study concludes that the interviewees show a critical view of these situations but with a tendency to overvalue female capabilities and the development of certain attributes to conquer the labor market, rather than to eliminate the barriers that exclude them from it. This demanding reality for young women would explain their low representation in Peruvian industrial engineering.

Layman's description

In recent decades, the presence of women has increased in areas related to science and engineering. However, their participation is still incipient in many of these fields. Consequently, the objective of this study was to explain how a group of female engineering professors represent the experiences of their students in a context characterized by male dominance. The methodology was exploratory and descriptive, interviewing 24 Peruvian female professors. The findings identify that female students exhibit behaviors and participation that differ from those of males, associated with performance expectations, attribution of characteristics and differential treatment by teachers that tend to diminish them with respect to males. In addition, they tend to have greater family burdens, affecting their permanence in their studies. This, however, varies according to the university, with the situation of women in public universities being the most vulnerable. The study concludes that the interviewees show a critical view of these situations but with a tendency to overvalue female capabilities and the development of certain attributes to conquer the labor market, rather than to eliminate the barriers that exclude them from it. This demanding reality for young women would explain their low representation in Peruvian industrial engineering.

Key findings

The findings identify that female students exhibit behaviors and participation that differ from those of males, associated with performance expectations, attribution of characteristics and differential treatment by teachers that tend to diminish them with respect to males. In addition, they tend to have greater family burdens, affecting their permanence in their studies. This, however, varies according to the university, with the situation of women in public universities being the most vulnerable. The study concludes that the interviewees show a critical view of these situations but with a tendency to overvalue female capabilities and the development of certain attributes to conquer the labor market, rather than to eliminate the barriers that exclude them from it. This demanding reality for young women would explain their low representation in Peruvian industrial engineering.
StatusCurtailed
Effective start/end date1/01/1931/01/20

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 5 - Gender Equality
  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities

Research areas and lines

  • Education

Kind of research

  • Applied

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