Adsorption of antipyrine by activated carbons from FeCl<inf>3</inf>-activation of Tara gum

J. Bedia, C. Belver, S. Ponce, J. Rodriguez, J. J. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Contribution to Journal)

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Activated carbons were synthesized by FeCl3-activation of Tara gum at different temperatures (400–1000 °C). The activating agent and the precursor were physically mixed at different ratios (r = FeCl3:precursor, 0.5–3.0 wt). At r = 2 and 800 °C the most developed porosity was achieved, with a BET surface area of 1680 m2·g−1 and a pore volume near 1 cm3·g−1, corresponding mostly to micropores (≈75%). The carbons were fully characterized and tested for the aqueous-phase adsorption of antipyrine, used as model emerging pollutant. The kinetic curves and adsorption isotherms at 20, 40 and 60 °C were obtained, which fitted well to hyperbolic and Langmuir equations, respectively. At 20 °C, the saturation adsorption capacity was around 275 mg·g−1 AC. The free energy of adsorption varied from −40.2 to −35.7 kJ·mol−1, while values close to −3 kJ·mol−1 and 112 J·mol−1·K−1, were obtained for the enthalpy and entropy of adsorption, respectively.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)58-65
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018

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