The Callao port terminal is the most important in Peru, since it is considered the main connection between Peru and the world for concentrating various operations. The advance clearance service is a customs clearance modality that allows the import declaration to be numbered before it arrives at the port; To carry out the early dispatch, some requirements must be met, such as having the Unique Customs Declaration numbered and canceled, with which your merchandise can be released when it arrives at the port terminal, within a period of 48 hours computed at starting the day after the discharge term, in addition to reducing costs; however, not everyone has access to this benefit. For this reason, the objective of this investigation was to identify which were the operational factors that affected the anticipated dispatch. For this, a qualitative research approach was used. In the same way, interviews, consisting of 12 questions, were conducted with 20 workers of the customs agencies, which showed as a result that the operational factors that made it difficult to dispatch containerized cargo in advance were bureaucratic procedures, as well as the lack of a Adequate road infrastructure and the presence of an old land transport vehicle fleet, in general these factors impacted on cost overruns and excessive delays in early clearance, not being able to obtain customs benefits. After the analysis, the necessary recommendations were provided to optimize the logistics chain.
|Original language||Spanish (Peru)|
|State||Published - 22 Oct 2021|