Effect of sociodemographic factors in entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurial intention in university students of latin american business schools

Raquel Chafloque-Cespedes, Aldo Alvarez-Risco, Paula Viviana Robayo-Acuña, Carlos Antonio Gamarra-Chavez, Gabriel Mauricio Martinez-Toro, Wagner Vicente-Ramos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter is designed with the aim to determine the influence of sociodemographic variables on the capacity to generate social enterprises, such as sex, the student’s country, if only they study or if they study and work, as well as if they participate or direct a social enterprise in university students of Latin American business schools. This research adopted an inductive quantitative approach using a questionnaire. The participants were university students of business schools from Colombia, Mexico and Peru. Second-generation structural equation method (SEM-PLS) was used to analyse the results, using the SmartPLS 3.2.7 software applied to data on 3,739 university students. The results suggest that the entrepreneur role, labour situation, country and sex have a moderating effect in the relation between entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurial intention. Also, by using resampling technique Bootstrapping (5,000 times, p < 0.01), significance of the trajectory coefficients (beta) and effect size of the coefficients (beta) were measured to demonstrate significance. Finally, with this research the authors ascertain that entrepreneurial orientation positively influences entrepreneurial intention. thus explaining 42.4% of its variance. This chapter is the first attempt on investigating in university students of Latin American business schools about factors of entrepreneurship orientation and entrepreneurship intention, and has strong potential to contribute to development of policies and strategies to promote the growth of entrepreneurship activities in the universities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationContemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research
PublisherEmerald Group Holdings Ltd.
Pages151-165
Number of pages15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameContemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research
Volume11
ISSN (Print)2040-7246
ISSN (Electronic)2040-7254

Keywords

  • Business schools
  • Entrepreneurial intention
  • Entrepreneurship orientation
  • Latin America
  • Sociodemographic factors
  • University students

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