To which world regions does the valence–dominance model of social perception apply?

Benedict C. Jones, Lisa M. DeBruine, Jessica K. Flake, Marco Tullio Liuzza, Jan Antfolk, Nwadiogo C. Arinze, Izuchukwu L.G. Ndukaihe, Nicholas G. Bloxsom, Savannah C. Lewis, Francesco Foroni, Megan L. Willis, Carmelo P. Cubillas, Miguel A. Vadillo, Enrique Turiegano, Michael Gilead, Almog Simchon, S. Adil Saribay, Nicholas C. Owsley, Chaning Jang, Georgina MburuDustin P. Calvillo, Anna Wlodarczyk, Yue Qi, Kris Ariyabuddhiphongs, Somboon Jarukasemthawee, Harry Manley, Panita Suavansri, Nattasuda Taephant, Ryan M. Stolier, Thomas R. Evans, Judson Bonick, Jan W. Lindemans, Logan F. Ashworth, Amanda C. Hahn, Coralie Chevallier, Aycan Kapucu, Aslan Karaaslan, Juan David Leongómez, Oscar R. Sánchez, Eugenio Valderrama, Milena Vásquez-Amézquita, Nandor Hajdu, Balazs Aczel, Peter Szecsi, Michael Andreychik, Erica D. Musser, Carlota Batres, Chuan Peng Hu, Qing Lan Liu, Nicole Legate, Leigh Ann Vaughn, Krystian Barzykowski, Karolina Golik, Irina Schmid, Stefan Stieger, Richard Artner, Chiel Mues, Wolf Vanpaemel, Zhongqing Jiang, Qi Wu, Gabriela M. Marcu, Ian D. Stephen, Jackson G. Lu, Michael C. Philipp, Jack D. Arnal, Eric Hehman, Sally Y. Xie, William J. Chopik, Martin Seehuus, Soufian Azouaghe, Abdelkarim Belhaj, Jamal Elouafa, John P. Wilson, Elliott Kruse, Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Anabel De La Rosa-Gómez, Alan E. Barba-Sánchez, Isaac González-Santoyo, Tsuyueh Hsu, Chun Chia Kung, Hsiao Hsin Wang, Jonathan B. Freeman, Dong Won Oh, Vidar Schei, Therese E. Sverdrup, Carmel A. Levitan, Corey L. Cook, Priyanka Chandel, Pratibha Kujur, Arti Parganiha, Noorshama Parveen, Atanu Kumar Pati, Sraddha Pradhan, Margaret M. Singh, Babita Pande, Jozef Bavolar, Pavol Kačmár, Ilya Zakharov, Sara Álvarez-Solas, Ernest Baskin, Martin Thirkettle, Kathleen Schmidt, Cody D. Christopherson, Trinity Leonis, Jordan W. Suchow, Jonas K. Olofsson, Teodor Jernsäther, Ai Suan Lee, Jennifer L. Beaudry, Taylor D. Gogan, Julian A. Oldmeadow, Benjamin Balas, Laura M. Stevens, Melissa F. Colloff, Heather D. Flowe, Sami Gülgöz, Mark J. Brandt, Karlijn Hoyer, Bastian Jaeger, Dongning Ren, Willem W.A. Sleegers, Joeri Wissink, Gwenaël Kaminski, Victoria A. Floerke, Heather L. Urry, Sau Chin Chen, Gerit Pfuhl, Zahir Vally, Dana M. Basnight-Brown, Hans I. Jzerman, Elisa Sarda, Lison Neyroud, Touhami Badidi, Nicolas Van der Linden, Chrystalle B.Y. Tan, Vanja Kovic, Waldir Sampaio, Paulo Ferreira, Diana Santos, Debora I. Burin, Gwendolyn Gardiner, John Protzko, Christoph Schild, Karolina A. Ścigała, Ingo Zettler, Erin M. O’Mara Kunz, Daniel Storage, Fieke M.A. Wagemans, Blair Saunders, Miroslav Sirota, Guyan V. Sloane, Tiago J.S. Lima, Kim Uittenhove, Evie Vergauwe, Katarzyna Jaworska, Julia Stern, Karl Ask, Casper J.J. van Zyl, Anita Körner, Sophia C. Weissgerber, Jordane Boudesseul, Fernando Ruiz-Dodobara, Kay L. Ritchie, Nicholas M. Michalak, Khandis R. Blake, David White, Alasdair R. Gordon-Finlayson, Michele Anne, Steve M.J. Janssen, Kean Mun Lee, Tonje K. Nielsen, Christian K. Tamnes, Janis H. Zickfeld, Anna Dalla Rosa, Michelangelo Vianello, Ferenc Kocsor, Luca Kozma, Ádám Putz, Patrizio Tressoldi, Natalia Irrazabal, Armand Chatard, Samuel Lins, Isabel R. Pinto, Johannes Lutz, Matus Adamkovic, Peter Babincak, Gabriel Baník, Ivan Ropovik, Vinet Coetzee, Barnaby J.W. Dixson, Gianni Ribeiro, Kim Peters, Niklas K. Steffens, Kok Wei Tan, Christopher A. Thorstenson, Ana Maria Fernandez, Rafael M.C.S. Hsu, Jaroslava V. Valentova, Marco A.C. Varella, Nadia S. Corral-Frías, Martha Frías-Armenta, Javad Hatami, Arash Monajem, Mohammad Hasan Sharifian, Brooke Frohlich, Hause Lin, Michael Inzlicht, Ravin Alaei, Nicholas O. Rule, Claus Lamm, Ekaterina Pronizius, Martin Voracek, Jerome Olsen, Erik Mac Giolla, Aysegul Akgoz, Asil A. Özdoğru, Matthew T. Crawford, Brooke Bennett-Day, Monica A. Koehn, Ceylan Okan, Tripat Gill, Jeremy K. Miller, Yarrow Dunham, Xin Yang, Sinan Alper, Martha Lucia Borras-Guevara, Sun Jun Cai, Dong Tiantian, Alexander F. Danvers, David R. Feinberg, Marie M. Armstrong, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Randy J. McCarthy, Jose Antonio Muñoz-Reyes, Pablo Polo, Victor K.M. Shiramazu, Wen Jing Yan, Lilian Carvalho, Patrick S. Forscher, Christopher R. Chartier, Nicholas A. Coles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Contribution to Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Abstract: Over the past 10 years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence–dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgements of faces. Because this model has primarily been developed and tested in Western regions, it is unclear whether these findings apply to other regions. We addressed this question by replicating Oosterhof and Todorov’s methodology across 11 world regions, 41 countries and 11,570 participants. When we used Oosterhof and Todorov’s original analysis strategy, the valence–dominance model generalized across regions. When we used an alternative methodology to allow for correlated dimensions, we observed much less generalization. Collectively, these results suggest that, while the valence–dominance model generalizes very well across regions when dimensions are forced to be orthogonal, regional differences are revealed when we use different extraction methods and correlate and rotate the dimension reduction solution. Protocol registration: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 5 November 2018. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7611443.v1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-169
Number of pages11
JournalNature Human Behaviour
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

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